The archaeologists that dug out the ship named it the Barceloneta I after its location, between the França railway station and the Barceloneta district.
Unique in the Mediterranean and representative of the economic dynamism of Barcelona in the 15th-16th century.
The carbon-14 analysis dates the building of the vessel around 1410. At that time, this type of sea vessel had an expected service life of 10 to 15 years. The conserved part of the vessel dates from 1439, which coincides with the work carried out on the first breakwater of the artificial port.
The technique used to build the clinker does not pertain to the typical Mediterranean sailing vessel. The lapstrake and clinker building technique typical of the Atlantic area from the Cantabrian Sea to the Baltic Sea was used.
The presence of pollen of vegetable species specific to a Cantabrian or mild Atlantic setting, and the comparison of the vessel with similar ones, the existing historiography and archive documentation prompted the hypothesis of a possible Basque origin.
Medium-large merchant vessel with a major cargo capacity. Everything points to a Basque “barxa” steered by a single rudder with one square-shaped sail deployed on the mainmast. The vessel probably had another two masts, a foremast, close to the bow, and a mizzen mass astern with a lateen sail.
About 30 metres long with a beam (maximum width) of some 9 metres. Cargo capacity between 150 and 300 “botes” (between 62 and 124 tons). The “bota” was the unit of measurement used in the Middle Ages to calculate a vessel’s capacity. In Barcelona, this was equivalent to 10 quintars, or 416 kg.
A vessel that has become an archaeological object. The Barceloneta I was found at the foot of the South bastion under Barcelona’s first breakwater.
In 1420 and 1426, respectively, the diary of the Council of One Hundred contains two relevant news items about the heavy squalls that had hit the city’s beach. Both items report that the vessels involved were “Castilian” boats or clinkers that had “run aground”. These traits match those of a beached vessel that was in the throes of being scrapped after the waves had dragged it to the place where it was found. This is further borne out by the tell-tale signs denoting that the Barceloneta I had been taken apart and looted.
Parts of the ship
Facing the bow, the left side of a vessel.
The upper edge or planking of the side of a boat or ship.
The empty space between the frames.
Cylindrical wooden bolt.
Facing the bow, the right side of a vessel.
Set of planks that cover the ship’s hull. To guarantee waterproofing, shipwrights coated its surface with pitch and sealed the joints with oakum steeped in pitch. In Atlantic Europe, animal hide, wool or moss were also used for the same purpose.
Part of the hull of a vessel that is above the water line.
Part of the hull of a vessel that is permanently below the water line.
A longitudinal course of planking which runs inside the boat, normally located at the height of the joins between the different parts of the frame. In vessels with a deck, this also bore the weight of the deck girders or beams which supported the floor of the deck transversally.
A viscous substance obtained by distilling the tar of certain coniferous trees. It was used by shipwrights to waterproof sailing vessels.
The rear of a vessel.
The front of a vessel.
Transverse ribs which, in medieval Mediterranean ship-building, supported the hull and gave the ship its shape and strength. In medieval shipbuilding in the Atlantic its role was to reinforce the main structure, the shell. It normally comprised several parts: the lower part, the floor, and those that gradually rise upwards, called the futtocks.
A set of straight parts located on the bottom of a ship or boat running from bow to stern. The frames are deployed on top of it.
A piece of timber arranged in different ways depending on the period and geography that formed the hull of a vessel.
The layout of hull planking so that each one overlaps the one below it. The planks were joined with nails normally secured on the inside with rivets.